AOP Order of Battle – 12th Corps Flashcards

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AOP 12th Corps (Infantry) - Slocum, Williams

Who were Slocum’s 12th Corps division commanders?

1st Division

  • Brig. Gen. Alpheus S. Williams (1810–78), until July 2, when Williams covered for Slocum. (Slocum assumed command of the Union right wing.)
  • Brig. Gen. Thomas H. Ruger (1833-1907), covering for Williams.

2nd Division

  • Brig. Gen. John W. Geary (1819–73)
Which of Slocum’s division commanders have park avenues named after them?

(The avenues at Gettysburg National Military Park follow the battle lines of commanders for which they are named. Knowing this can really help one to get oriented on the battlefield.)

Brig. Gen. Alpheus S. Williams (1810–78)

  • Williams Avenue is on the southwest slope of Culp’s Hill. It connects Slocum Avenue to Wainwright Avenus in Stevens’ Knoll.

Brig. Gen. John W. Geary (1819–73)

  • Geary Avenue is south of Culp’s Hill summit. It connects Spangler’s Spring to Pardee Field and Slocum Avenue near Williams.
Which of Slocum’s division commanders have statues at Gettysburg?

Brig. Gen. John W. Geary (1819–73), 2nd Division, 12th Corps

  • Bronze statue at the intersection of Williams and Slocum Avenues on the ascent to the summit of Culp’s Hill
What symbol identifies the 12th Infantry Corps on Gettysburg monuments?

A star

Who commanded the Union 12th Corps?
(AOP 12) Henry W. Slocum - 5825v - Edited2
Henry W. Slocum (LOC)

Maj. Gen. Henry W. Slocum (1827–94) – Outranking Howard, Slocum took charge of the army until Meade arrived. Slocum then retained operational control of the Union right near Culp’s Hill.

(AOP 12-1) Alpheus S. Williams - 07266v - Edited2
Alpheus S. Williams (LOC)

Brig. Gen. Alpheus S. Williams (1810–78) – Covering for Slocum

 

 

 

 

Meade => Slocum/Williams

AOP 12th Corps, 1st Division - Williams, Ruger

Who were Williams’ 1st Division brigade commanders?

1st Brigade

  • Col. Archibald L. McDougall (1817-64)

2nd Brigade

  • Brig. Gen. Henry H. Lockwood (1814-99)

3rd Brigade

  • Brig. Gen. Thomas H. Ruger (1833-1907), until July 2, when Ruger covered for Williams who covered for Slocum.  (Slocum assumed command of the Union right wing.)
  • Col. Silas Colgrove (1816–1907), covering for Ruger.

Colgrove Avenue connects Baltimore Pike to Spangler’s Spring in the Culp’s Hill area.

Who commanded the 1st Division, 12th Corps?
(AOP 12-1) Alpheus S. Williams - 07266v - Edited2
Alpheus S. Williams (LOC)

Brig. Gen. Alpheus S. Williams (1810–78), until July 2.

Brig. Gen. Thomas H. Ruger (1833-1907), on July 2, when Ruger covered for Williams who covered for Slocum.  (Slocum assumed command of the Union right wing.)

Meade => Slocum/Williams => Williams/Ruger

AOP 12th Corps, 1st Division, 1st Brigade - McDougall

Who commanded the 1st Brigade of Williams’ Division?

Col. Archibald L. McDougall (1817-64)

Meade => Slocum/Wiliams => Williams/Ruger => McDougall

AOP 12th Corps, 1st Division, 2nd Brigade - Lockwood

Who commanded the 2nd Brigade of Williams’ Division?

Brig. Gen. Henry H. Lockwood (1814-99)

Meade => Slocum/Williams => Williams/Ruger => Lockwood

AOP 12th Corps, 1st Division, 3rd Brigade - Ruger, Colgrove

Who commanded the 3rd Brigade of Williams’ Division?

Brig. Gen. Thomas H. Ruger (1833-1907), until July 2, when Ruger covered for Williams who covered for Slocum.  (Slocum assumed command of the Union right wing.)

Col. Silas Colgrove (1816–1907), covering for Ruger.

Meade => Slocum/Williams => Williams/Ruger => Ruger/Colgrove

AOP 12th Corps, 2nd Division - Geary

Who were Geary’s 2nd Division brigade commanders?

1st Brigade

  • Col. Charles Candy (1832-1910)

2nd Brigade

  • Brig. Gen. Thomas Kane (1822-83), who was ill during the Battle of Gettysburg
  • Col. George A. Cobham (1825-64), covering for Kane

3rd Brigade

  • Brig. Gen. George S. Greene (1801–99)
Who commanded the 2nd Division, 12th Corps?
John W. Geary (LOC)

Brig. Gen. John W. Geary (1819–73)

Meade => Slocum/Williams => Geary

You will find a bronze statue of Geary at the intersection of Williams and Slocum Avenues on the ascent to the summit of Culp’s Hill.

AOP 12th Corps, 2nd Division, 1st Brigade - Candy

Who commanded the 1st Brigade of Geary’s Division?

Col. Charles Candy (1832-1910)

Meade => Slocum/Williams => Geary => Candy

AOP 12th Corps, 2nd Division, 2nd Brigade - Kane, Cobham

Who commanded the 2nd Brigade of Geary’s Division?

Brig. Gen. Thomas Kane (1822-83), who was ill during the Battle og Gettysburg

Col. George A. Cobham (1825-64), covering for Kane

Meade => Slocum/Williams => Geary => Kane/Cobham

AOP 12th Corps, 2nd Division, 3rd Brigade - Greene

Who commanded the 3rd Brigade of Geary’s Division?

Brig. Gen. George S. Greene (1801–99)

Meade => Slocum/Williams => Geary => Greene

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