AOP Order of Battle – 1st Corps Flashcards

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AOP 1st Corps (Infantry) - Reynolds, Doubleday, Newton

Which of Reynolds’ division commanders have statues at Gettysburg?

Brig. Gen. James S. Wadsworth (1807–64), 1st Division, 1st Corps

  • Bronze statue on North Reynolds Avenue, northwest of town

Brig. Gen. John C. Robinson (1817–97), 2nd Division, 1st Corps

  • Bronze statue on Robinson Avenue, Oak Ridge

Maj. Gen. Abner Doubleday (1819–93), 3rd Division, 1st Corps

  • Bronze statue on South Reynolds Avenue, northwest of town (McPherson’s Ridge)
Which of Reynolds’ division commanders have park avenues named after them?

(The avenues at Gettysburg National Military Park follow the battle lines of commanders for which they are named. Knowing this can really help one to get oriented on the battlefield.)

Brig. Gen. James S. Wadsworth (1807–64), 1st Division, 1st Corps

  • Wadsworth Avenue, on Oak Ridge and connecting North Reynolds Avenue to Doubleday Avenue

Brig. Gen. John C. Robinson (1817–97), 2nd Division, 1st Corps

  • Robinson Avenue, on Oak Ridge and connecting Doubleday Avenue to Mummasburg Road

Maj. Gen. Abner Doubleday (1819–93), 3rd Division, 1st Corps

  • Doubleday Avenue, on Oak Ridge and connecting Mummasburg Road to Wadsworth Avenue
Who were Reynolds’ 1st Corps division commanders?

1st Division

  • Brig. Gen. James S. Wadsworth (1807–64)

2nd Division

  • Brig. Gen. John C. Robinson (1817–97)

3rd Division

  • Maj. Gen. Abner Doubleday (1819–93)
  • Brig. Gen. Thomas Rowley (1808-92) – Covered for Doubleday on July 1 after Reynolds’ death and until Doubleday was replaced by Meade with Newton on July 2

Northwest of town, most battlefield monuments honor Reynolds’ 1st Corps — because that’s where the 1st Corps fought on July 1.

What symbol identifies the 1st Infantry Corps on Gettysburg monuments?

A circle

Who did Meade promote to replace Doubleday as 1st Corps commander on July 2?
(AOP 6-3) John Newton - 05199v - Edited2
John Newton (LOC)

Maj. Gen. John Newton (1822–95)

Newton commanded the 1st Corps during Pickett’s Charge on July 2. His corps also battled Confederates on Culp’s Hill and Little Round Top.

Who assumed command of the 1st Corps when Reynolds was killed?
(AOP 1-3) Abner Doubleday - 04466v - Edited2
Abnder Doubleday (LOC)

Maj. Gen. Abner Doubleday (1819–93)

When Doubleday took charge of the AOP 1st Corps on July 1, he was the 3rd Division commander. The next day, army commander Maj. Gen. George G. Meade replaced Doubleday, who then resumed division command.

Who commanded the Union 1st Corps on July 1, 1863 (early morning)?

Maj. Gen. John F. Reynolds (1820–63)

GenJFRenyolds - Edited
John F. Reynolds (WikiMedia)

Reynolds was the highest ranking officer killed at Gettysburg. He was shot in the neck while riding his horse near Herbst Woods and directing the movement of the Iron Brigade. As Left Wing Commander, Reynolds was in-charge of the first, third, and eleventh corps of the Army of the Potomac.

Meade => Reynolds

AOP 1st Corps, 1st Division - Wadsworth

Who were Wadsworth’s 1st Division brigade commanders?

1st Brigade (Iron Brigade)

  • Brig. Gen. Solomon Meredith (1810–75)

2nd Brigade

  • Brig. Gen. Lysander Cutler (1807-1866)
Who commanded the 1st Division, 1st Corps?
James S. Wadsworth (LOC)

Brig. Gen. James S. Wadsworth (1807–64)

On July 1, Wadsworth’s division fought against a brigade commanded by Joseph Davis, the nephew of Confederate President Jefferson Davis.

Meade => Reynolds/Doubleday/Newton => Wadsworth

AOP 1st Corps, 1st Division, 1st Brigade (Iron) - Meredith

What is another name for Meredith’s Brigade?

The Iron Brigade

Meredith’s brigade hailed from Wisconsin, Indiana, and Michigan. They had a reputation for iron-willed fighting.

Who commanded the 1st Brigade of Wadsworth’s Division?
Solomon Meredith (LOC)

Brig. Gen. Solomon Meredith (1810–75)

Meredith led the Iron Brigade of the Army of the Potomac. His brigade fought Confederates under Pettigrew and Archer in Herbst Woods on July 1.

Meade => Reynolds/Doubleday/Newton => Wadsworth => Meredith

On July 1, Meredith’s brigade was positioned along modern-day Meredith Avenue, northwest of town.

AOP 1st Corps, 1st Division, 2nd Brigade - Cutler

Who commanded the 2nd Brigade of Wadsworth’s Division?

Brig. Gen. Lysander Cutler (1807-1866)

Cutler’s brigade consisted of regiments from New York, Indiana, and Pennsylvania.

Meade => Reynolds/Doubleday/Newton => Wadsworth => Cutler

AOP 1st Corps, 2nd Division - Robinson

Who were Robinson’s 2nd Division brigade commanders?

1st Brigade

  • Brig. Gen. Gabriel R. Paul (1813-1886)

2nd Brigade

  • Brig. Gen. Henry Baxter (1821-1873)
Who commanded the 2nd Division, 1st Corps?
John C. Robinson (LOC)

Brig. Gen. John C. Robinson (1817–97)

On Oak Ridge, Robinson’s division repulsed an attack by Alfred Iverson’s brigade on July 1. His division suffered 50 percent casualties.

Meade => Reynolds/Doubleday/Newton => Robinson

AOP 1st Corps, 2nd Division, 1st Brigade - Paul

Who commanded the 1st Brigade of Robinson’s Division?

Brig. Gen. Gabriel R. Paul (1813-1886)

Paul’s brigade consisted of units from Maine, Massachusetts, New York, and Pennsylvania. He was blinded during fighting on July 1 on Oak Ridge.

Meade => Reynolds/Doubleday/Newton => Robinson => Paul

AOP 1st Corps, 2nd Division, 2nd Brigade - Baxter

Who commanded the 2nd Brigade of Robinson’s Division?

Brig. Gen. Henry Baxter (1821-1873)

On July 1, Baxter’s brigade hid behind a stone wall near Mummasburg Road on Oak Ridge. They inflicted heavy casualties on Maj. Gen. Robert Rodes’ Confederate division, which included troops led by Col. Edward O’Neal and Col. Alfred Iverson. Many North Carolinians died in the fields now called “Iverson’s Pits.”

Meade => Reynolds/Doubleday/Newton => Robinson => Baxter

AOP 1st Corps, 3rd Division - Doubleday, Rowley

Who were Doubleday’s 3rd Division brigade commanders?

1st Brigade

  • Brig. Gen. Thomas Rowley (1808-92)
  • Col. Chapman Biddle (1822-80) – After Rowley temporarily replaced Doubleday who replaced the killed Reynolds

2nd Brigade

  • Col. Roy Stone (1836–1905)

3rd Brigade

  • Brig. Gen. George Stannard (1820-86)

Stone’s brigade formed along modern-day Stone Avenue on July 1. Stannard’s statue tops the Vermont State Monument on Hancock Avenue on Cemetery Ridge, south of town.

Who commanded the 3rd Division, 1st Corps?
(AOP 1-3) Abner Doubleday - 04466v - Edited2
Abner Doubleday (LOC)

Maj. Gen. Abner Doubleday (1819–93)

Thomas A. Rowley (LOC)

Brig. Gen. Thomas Rowley (1808-92) – Covered for Doubleday on July 1 after Reynolds’ death and until Doubleday was replaced by Meade with Newton on July 2

 

 

Meade => Reynolds/Doubleday/Newton => Doubleday/Rowley

AOP 1st Corps, 3rd Division, 1st Brigade - Rowley, Biddle

Who commanded the 1st Brigade of Doubleday’s Division?
Thomas A. Rowley (LOC)

Brig. Gen. Thomas Rowley (1808-92)

Col. Chapman Biddle (1822-80)

Meade => Reynolds/Doubleday/Newton => Doubleday/Rowley => Rowley/Biddle

AOP 1st Corps, 3rd Division, 2nd Brigade - Stone

Who commanded the 2nd Brigade of Doubleday’s Division?
Roy Stone (WikiMedia)

Col. Roy Stone (1836–1905)

Meade => Reynolds/Doubleday/Newton => Doubleday/Rowley => Stone

AOP 1st Corps, 3rd Division, 3rd Brigade - Stannard

Who commanded the 3rd Brigade of Doubleday’s Division?

Brig. Gen. George Stannard (1820-1886)

Meade => Reynolds/Doubleday/Newton => Doubleday/Rowley => Stannard

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