AOP Gettysburg Flashcards

To jump to a different section, click one of these Union (AOP) military units…

Army 1 2 3 5 6 11 12 Cavalry Artillery Staff

 

Civil War Cycling’s flashcards are for students who want help memorizing Gettysburg’s Orders of Battle to the brigade-level. My favorite reference on this topic is Bradley M. Gottfried’s book, Brigades of Gettysburg (New York: Skyhorse Publishing, 2012). Also, Civil War Trust  provides an easy-to-read Order of Battle from the Official Records (which are available online through Cornell University Library).

Army of the Potomac (USA) - Meade

Which of Meade’s corps commanders have park avenues named after them?

(The avenues at Gettysburg National Military Park follow the battle lines of commanders for which they are named. Knowing this can really help one to get oriented on the battlefield.)

Maj. Gen. John F. Reynolds (1820–63), 1st Corps

  • North and South Reynolds Avenue, northwest of town

Maj. Gen. Abner Doubleday (1819–93), 1st Corps (after Reynolds died on July 1)

  • Doubleday Avenue, on Oak Ridge south of Oak Hill

Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock (1824–86), 2nd Corps

  • Hancock Avenue, on Cemetery Ridge (the Union center line on July 2-3)

Maj. Gen. Daniel E. Sickles (1819–1914), 3rd Corps

  • Sickles Avenue, which winds from Devil’s Den, through Rose Woods, past The Wheatfield, and through The Peach Orchard (and ending at Emmitsburg Road)

Maj. Gen. George Sykes (1822–80), 5th Corps

  • Sykes Avenue, which connects Warren Avenue to Little Round Top on the south side of the hill

Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick (1813–64), 6th Corps

  • Sedgwick Avenue, which connects the north end of Little Round Top to the Union’s center line on modern-day Hancock Avenue

Maj. Gen. Oliver O. Howard (1830–1909), 11th Corps

  • Howard Avenue, to the north and northeast of town, connecting Mummasburg Road to Barlow’s Knoll

Maj. Gen. Henry W. Slocum (1827–94), 12th Corps

  • Slocum Avenue, which connects lower Culp’s Hill to upper Culp’s hill on the east side
Which of Meade’s corps commanders have statues at Gettysburg?

Maj. Gen. John F. Reynolds (1820–63), 1st Corps

  • Equestrian statue on Chambersburg Road near Stone Avenue
  • Statue in Soldiers’ National Cemetery near Baltimore Street entrance

Maj. Gen. Abner Doubleday (1819–93), 1st Corps (after Reynolds died on July 1)

  • Statue on South Reynolds Avenue

Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock (1824–86), 2nd Corps

  • Equestrian statue on East Cemetery Hill on the east side of Baltimore Street

Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick (1813–64), 6th Corps

  • Equestrian statue on Sedwick Avenue on the south end of Cemetery Ridge

Maj. Gen. Oliver O. Howard (1830–1909), 11th Corps

  • Equestrian statue on East Cemetery Hill on the east side of Baltimore Street

Maj. Gen. Henry W. Slocum (1827–94), 12th Corps

  • Equestrian statue in Stevens’ Knoll, west of Culp’s Hill, on Slocum Avenue
Who were Meade’s Corps Commanders at Gettysburg?

1st Corps

  • Maj. Gen. John F. Reynolds (1820–63) – Until his death on July 1
  • Maj. Gen. Abner Doubleday (1819–93) – Until his removal on July 2
  • Maj. Gen. John Newton (1822–95)  – Beginning July 2

2nd Corps

  • Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock (1824–86)

3rd Corps

  • Maj. Gen. Daniel E. Sickles (1819–1914)

5th Corps

  • Maj. Gen. George Sykes (1822–80)

6th Corps

  • Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick (1813–64)

11th Corps

  • Maj. Gen. Oliver O. Howard (1830–1909) – Covering the Left Wing after Reynolds died
  • Maj. Gen. Carl Schurz (1829–1906) – Covering for Howard

12th Corps

  • Maj. Gen. Henry W. Slocum (1827–94) – Outranking Howard, Slocum took charge of the army until Meade arrived. Slocum then retained operational control of the Union right near Culp’s Hill.
  • Brig. Gen. Alpheus S. Williams (1810–78) – Covering for Slocum
What is the AOP?

Army of the Potomac. The Union (USA) army at Gettysburg.

Who commanded the Union army at Gettysburg?

Maj. Gen. George G. Meade (1815–72)

(AOP) George G. Meade - 05008v - Edited2
George G. Meade (LOC)

President Lincoln promoted Meade to command the Army of the Potomac just three days before the Battle of Gettysburg. (Lincoln had accepted Joseph Hooker’s resignation about that time.) Meade’s nickname was “Old Snapping Turtle.”

 

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