State Monuments at Antietam

Welcome to our photo gallery of the seven state monuments at Antietam National Battlefield. Hover over the image to read the caption (or on a mobile device, lightly touch and hold the image). At the end, we offer a short summary of a few interesting facts about Antietam’s state monuments.

State Monuments at Antietam

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Highlights

The seven state monuments at Antietam are clustered within a few tenths of a mile of each other, in the northern part of the battlefield, where fighting erupted early on the morning of September 17, 1862.  The Massachusetts (1898), New Jersey (1903), and Indiana (1910) State Monuments are on the southwest boundary of The Cornfield (on historic Hagerstown Pike, now called Dunker Church Road). From there, the Georgia (1961) and Texas (1964) State Monuments are a couple hundred yards east on Cornfield Avenue. Finally, the Maryland (1900) and New York (1919) State Monuments are close to Dunker Church and the battlefield Visitor Center.

The Maryland State Monument is an octagonal structure that represents Maryland’s eight military units that fought at the Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg, Maryland). Ohio battle veteran President William McKinley delivered a speech at the monument’s dedication on May 30, 1900. The Maryland State Monument was (according to one inscription) “erected by the State of Maryland to her Sons, who on this field offered their lives in maintenance of the principles.”

Notably, two Maryland units were organized in Virginia and fought for the Confederacy at the Battle of Antietam — the Baltimore Light Artillery (Brockenbrough’s Battery) and the 1st Maryland (Dement’s) Battery. Six federal units hailed from Baltimore and Pikesville — two from the 1st Maryland Light Artillery (Wolcott’s Battery A and Vanneman’s Battery B) and four from the Maryland Infantry (Purnell Legion and the 2nd, 3rd, and 5th Regiments).

These Union states fought at Antietam but do not have a state monument on the battlefield (parenthetical numbers are counts of military monuments): Connecticut (4), Delaware (3), Illinois (0), Maine (0), Michigan (0), Minnesota (0), New Hampshire (0), Ohio (9), Pennsylvania (19), Rhode Island (0), “West Virginia” (0), and Wisconsin (0). Note that Vermont provided sharpshooters to the U.S. Regular army and they have two monuments.

These Confederate states fought at Antietam but do not have a state monument on the battlefield: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia. Of these, only Virginia (1) and Maryland (2) erected Confederate monuments that honored specific, individual military units.

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